Around 8,000 years ago, Central Portugal underwent a dramatic shift in lifestyles from hunting and gathering to farming and herding.

Usually thought of as one culture replacing another, there is evidence to suggest these cultural systems coexisted.

The Mesolithic-Neolithic transition remains one of the most controversial issues in prehistory archaeology, attracting significant archaeological debate and extensive research. The common-held belief is that hunter-gatherers disappeared from Central Portugal around 7,000 years ago, and later, farmers and herders settled the area. But now, archaeologists are uncovering clues contradicting this.

By analyzing bone tools, shells, ornaments and human remains, researchers will trace the transition between these periods to better understand the complex changes not only in technology and subsistence, but also in how people thought about themselves and the world around them, as well as the nature of their social interactions.

Join researchers in Tagus Valley, Portugal, one of the most important regions to study this transitional phase, and help discover the answers to establish a timeline. You’ll excavate, sifting for tools and human remains, while working to preserve part of Portugal’s natural and cultural heritage.

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Location

Muge, Salvaterra de Magos, Santarém, Portugal

Cost

$3995 or $5595*

Includes all accommodation, meals, transfers, insurance and research activities

Duration

7 or 13 days (* denotes option for 13 days)

Dates

TBA

Activity Level

Very Easy

Lead Scientist

Nuno Bicho